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Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2019

Mini Review JFSF, Vol 4, No 2, June 2019, p.30-35
Integrating functional ageing into daily clinical practice
Jean-Pierre Michel, Fiona Ecarnot
Keywords: Ageing, Daily functioning, Chronic diseases, Disability, Prevention
The analysis of the ageing trajectory clearly demonstrates the constant involvement of functional ability in daily life, from its development in youth, to its preservation through midlife into very old age. While maintaining function appears to be largely related to persistent regular exercise, the risk factors for functional decline are extremely diverse, ranging from a decrease or discontinuation of physical activity, to nutritional/metabolic disturbances, chronic diseases and unfavourable socio-demographic and socio-economic contexts. Prevention of functional decline is a major public health challenge, both for individuals and for society as a whole, and needs to be urgently addressed. Engaging citizens to be conscious of their responsibility for, and role in their own ageing process is equally as important as reinforcing the involvement of society in promoting healthy ageing through enhanced basic and health education, promotion of a healthy diet, long term practice of moderate physical activity, and the continual battle against deleterious life habits and behaviours. The success of these combined actions would be quite simply demonstrated by a change from the current pandemics of morbidity, to the compression of disability, which is expected by all.
Original Article JFSF, Vol 4, No 2, June 2019, p.36-44
Evaluating a hydration intervention (DRInK Up) to prevent urinary tract infection in care home residents: A mixed methods exploratory study
Jo Booth, Rona Agnew
Keywords: Care homes, Fluids, Hydration, Urinary tract infection, Falls
Objectives: To investigate potential effects and acceptability of a theoretically driven hydration intervention (DRInK-Up), on the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs), falls and emergency admissions in care home residents. Methods: A single group pre-post evaluation design to test the DRInK-Up intervention, to increase fluid intake by 200-400ml daily. The number of UTIs, falls and emergency hospital admissions for each resident recorded over the DRInK-Up intervention period were compared to rates in the 24 weeks prior. A qualitative investigation of experiences of DRInK-Up was undertaken using focus group interviews with care home staff to determine acceptability. Results: 24 care home residents took part in the intervention. There was a clinically meaningful, but non-statistically significant reduction in number of treated UTIs during the intervention period from 51 UTIs pre-DRInK-Up to 37 post-DRInK-Up (t=.498, 18df, p=0.625). The volume of fluid intake recorded was not correlated with number of UTIs (r= 0.103, p=.676). Falls reported dropped from 52 pre- to 28 post-intervention (t=3.148, df 19, p=0.005). Emergency admissions did not change. Focus group interviews suggested goal setting was uncommon and took the form of externally generated targets for fluid intake rather than negotiated goals. Barriers to increasing fluid intake included resident-related factors or arose from the care home context. A range of facilitators included verbal persuasion, praise and reward. Conclusion: The DRInK-Up study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that increasing daily fluid intake by small amounts may have a potentially positive effect on number of UTIs experienced and number of falls in frail older care home residents. Further research is needed.
Research Protocol JFSF, Vol 4, No 2, June 2019, p.45-50
Education Program for Carers in Facilities with Neuro Disabled Subjects EPoCFiNDS
Yannis Dionyssiotis, Eleftheria Vellidou, Stathis Th. Konstantinidis, Pavlos Sarafis, Sofia Artemi, Katerina Stergiopoulou, Anne Mette Vind, Niculina Birsanu, Sophie Duport, Dimitrios Koutsouris, and EPoCFiNDS Consensus attendants group*
*Ioanna Iliadi, Marilena Tarousi, Michalis Sarafidis, Mariana Gabriela Radu, Marie Hvidt, Jetti Vendelbo

Keywords: Carers, Aging, Neurodisability, Rehabilitation, Care
The prevalence of chronic illness and the disabilities they cause are strongly associated with age. According to the United Nations, in most countries around the world, 8-10% of the population has some form of disability. Carers are helping subjects who have severe or profound core activity limitations in the community and hospice facilities. The skills acquired by carers in their caring role are relevant to the competencies required for occupations and qualifications in community, aged care, health, youth, housing and disability support services. With the aging population the number of subjects with neurological lesions living in hospices and long-term care facilities is increased. It makes a strong case to educate carers to help these subjects. There is a lack of evidence on how to design and implement mechanisms such as foundation skills courses and programs to best meet the needs of carers. The goal of Education Program for Carers in Facilities with Neuro Disabled Subjects (EPoCFiNDS), is to create training programs for carers in neurodisabled subjects living in various facilities. In Europe we need to develop educational programs, aimed at volunteers, relatives or any other group of people so that they better organize benefits care for neurodisabled subjects.
Original Article JFSF, Vol 4, No 2, June 2019, p.51-60
Frailty among institutionalized older people: a cross-sectional study in Natal (Brazil)
Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Paes de Andrade, Javier Jerez-Roig, Louise Natália Mesquita Belém, Kenio Costa de Lima
Keywords: Aging, Health of institutionalized elderly, Frail elderly, Long-term institution for elderly, Cross-sectional studies
Objective: Verify the prevalence of frailty and its associated factors in institutionalized older people. Methods: Crosssectional study carried out in 10 nursing homes in Natal (Brazil), between October/2013 and January/2014. All institutionalized older people 60+ that were not hospitalized, in terminal state, coma or under palliative care were included in the study. The dependent variable of the study was the presence/absence of frailty, classified according to the following criteria: severe cognitive decline and/or impossibility of independent walking or being bedridden. The 5 criteria (muscular weakness, unintentional weight loss, low physical activity level, slowness and exhaustion) of Fried et al. were considered for those with preserved cognitive and walking capacity. The chi-square test or Fisher’s test and logistic regression were used for bivariate and multiple analysis, respectively. Sociodemographic, institution-related and health-related variables were also included. Results: Of the 321 participating older people, 80.1% were considered frail, 16.8% pre-frail and 3.1% non-frail. The final model demonstrated association of frailty with age (OR=2.67; 95%CI 1.39-5.14; p=0.003), presence of chronic diseases (OR=10.27; 95%CI 3.42-30.90; p<0.001), systemic arterial hypertension (OR=0.11; 95%CI 0.05-0.27; p<0.001) and institutionalization due to lack of caregiver (OR=2.55; 95%CI 1.36-4.76; p=0.003) adjusted by sex and type of institution. Discussion: Frailty was highly prevalent in institutionalized older people and its association with multi-factor aspects suggested that action of health services and government representations could aid in the prevention or delay of frailty onset, improving the life quality of older people.