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Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2021

Original Article JFSF, Vol 6, No 1, March 2021, p.1-8
Managing frailty in an Irish primary care setting: A qualitative study of perspectives of healthcare professionals and frail older patients
Fiona Kennedy, Rose Galvin, N. Frances Horgan
Keywords: Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment, Frailty, Ireland, Primary Care, Screening
Objectives: Little is known about the views of key stakeholders on frailty in Primary Care in Ireland. The aim of this study was to explore the views of Irish healthcare professionals and patients on frailty and its management in Primary Care. Methods: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Seventeen healthcare professionals and three patients were recruited using purposive sampling. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews which were analysed thematically. Results: Three themes were identified: (i) Perceptions of Frailty (ii) Current Management of Frailty and (iii) Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment in Primary Care. The results demonstrated variability in perspectives on frailty. Healthcare professionals described a fragmented service often delivering substandard care to frail older patients. The general consensus was that frailty management required an adequately resourced Primary Care service. Support for frailty screening and Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment was evident while the suitability of the current pathway for patients requiring assessment was questioned. Conclusion: This study highlights an absence of a shared and complete understanding of frailty among healthcare professionals and a fragmented model of care for community-dwelling frail older patients. Based on these findings, inter-professional training, investment in Primary Care, the development of a frailty pathway and an interface service is recommended.
Mini Review JFSF, Vol 6, No 1, March 2021, p.9-13
Frailty associated urinary tract infections (FaUTIs)
Nikolaos A. Kostakopoulos, Nikolaos D. Karakousis, Dimitrios Moschotzopoulos
Keywords: Frailty, Infections in the frail, Prevention of UTIs, Urinary tract infections, Urosepsis
This review summarizes the current literature on the correlation between frailty and urinary tract infections (UTIs), as well as the potential causes and measures that can be taken to prevent and treat these frailty associated UTIs (FaUTIs). A narrative review of the literature was carried out using the keywords and other associated terms (catheter associated UTIs and frailty, causes of UTIs, prevention of UTIs in the frail, treatment of UTIs in the frail). As it is shown in the literature, many risk factors that are associated with frailty such as dehydration, reduced mobility and cognitive impairment, as well as other anatomical or functional abnormalities can make frail patients prone to UTIs that are also more difficult to treat. Early correction of these risk factors (for example avoiding long term catheters, increasing hydration, treating lower urinary tract obstruction or incontinence), can prevent UTIs and improve the quality of life of frail patients. Prompt and individualized antimicrobial treatment of UTIs in the frail population can result in decreasing mortality rates but also minimize unnecessary antimicrobial drug use.
Original Article JFSF, Vol 6, No 1, March 2021, p.14-24
Progressive resistance training in a post-acute, older, inpatient setting: A randomised controlled feasibility study
Sinéad A. Coleman, Conal J. Cunningham, Niamh Murphy, Jean Feaheny, David Robinson, Rosaleen Lannon, Kevin McCarroll, Miriam Casey, Joseph Harbison, N. Frances Horgan
Keywords: Older inpatients, Progressive resistance training
Objectives: Progressive resistance training can successfully target functional decline in healthy older community-dwelling adults. There are concerns about the safety and acceptance of its use in frail older populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using progressive resistance training in an older, post-acute, inpatient setting. Methods: A randomised controlled feasibility study was conducted. Appropriate older inpatients undergoing post-acute rehabilitation were recruited. Feasibility measures examined were safety, recruitment, outcome measurement, adherence and retention rates and satisfaction. A range of clinical measures were used to capture changes in body structure and function, activity and participation. Assessments were performed on admission to the study and six weeks later. Results: A sample of 33 patients were included and randomised to the treatment group (n=16) or the control group (n=17). There were no serious adverse events, adherence rates were 63% and retention rates were 82%. While both groups improved between time 1 and 2, there were no significant differences in clinical measures between the groups. Conclusion: Progressive resistance training is a safe and acceptable intervention for use with this population. Further work on the effectiveness of progressive resistance training in this setting is now required.
Original Article JFSF, Vol 6, No 1, March 2021, p.25-31
Association of Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 and Dickkopf-1 with Body Composition and Physical Performance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Singapore
Nathania Octaviani Afandy, Hui Shan Lock, Laura Tay, Audrey Yeo, Suzanne Yew, Bernard P. Leung, Wee Shiong Lim
Keywords: Body composition, Dickkopf-1, Monocyte chemotactic protein-1, Sarcopenia, Sarcopenic obesity
Objective: We aim to determine the association of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and dickkopft-1 (DKK-1) as potential biomarkers that may predict changes in body composition and physical performance in healthy older adults from Singapore. Methods: Two-hundred community-dwelling older adults (mean age: 67.9 years; 68.5% females) were classified into elevated versus non-elevated groups based on quintile cut-offs of MCP-1 and DKK-1 levels (156.02 pg/mL and 606.31 pg/mL, respectively). Multiple linear regression was performed to examine the relationship between MCP-1 and DKK-1 with body composition and physical performance, adjusted for age, gender and ethnicity. Results: MCP-1 was significantly associated with higher fat mass, fat mass index, percentage body fat, waist circumference and trunk-limb ratio for fat mass (all p<0.01), and repeated chair stand (p=0.004). DKK-1 was not associated with body composition and physical performance measures. Utilising the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) 2019 criteria, there were 39 (19.5%) sarcopenia and 161 (80.5%) non-sarcopenia participants respectively, with MCP-1 levels significantly higher in sarcopenia compared with non-sarcopenia (p=0.046), but not for DKK-1 (p=0.525). Conclusions: Elevated MCP-1 are associated with changes in fat composition, physical performance and sarcopenia, suggesting its usefulness in identifying at-risk group with sarcopenic obesity.
Short Communication JFSF, Vol 6, No 1, March 2021, p.32-35
Investigating sarcopenia awareness using Google Trends
Sandrine Gilliot, Sophie Bastijns, Stany Perkisas, Anne-Marie De Cock
Keywords: Awareness, General public, Geriatrics, Google trends, Sarcopenia
Sarcopenia is reported as an important health issue. This study investigates with Google Trends whether the clinical importance of sarcopenia is reflected in public interest in the disease. The study was performed between January and March 2020. Data were collected using Google Trends (worldwide). The compared topics were dementia, frailty, polypharmacy, osteoporosis and sarcopenia. A comparison of the topics revealed that “dementia’’ displayed the highest relative search volume followed by “osteoporosis” and “frailty”. The relative search volume of ‘‘sarcopenia’’ was very low and the lowest relative search volume was contributed to “polypharmacy”. In conclusion, despite the growing interest in the clinical and research community, it is still a relatively unknown topic for the general public. Taking in account the preventive potential of interventions against sarcopenia, it is important to increase the awareness among lay people. In this set-up, Google Trends could be an important tool to evaluate public interest in geriatric topics. It could help to convince policy makers that there is need for awareness programs on sarcopenia.