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JFSF Vol 2, No 3, September 2017, p.62-64

doi: 10.22540/JFSF-02-062


Opinion Article

Mechanical loading effect to the functional bone adaptation

Alexander D. Kokkinias1, Sophianos-Orpheus D. Kokkinias2

  1. Physiotherapist
  2. Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Faculty of Health and Caring Professions, Department of Physiotherapy, Athens, Greece

Keywords: Muscle, Mechanical stimulus, Forces of gravity, Loading, Bone adaptation


The loads on skeleton control bone turnover, rates of adapted remodeling and influence growth. Mechanical stimulus detected by osteocytes, is derived from muscle contraction or gravity forces. It is difficult to separate the effect of gravity from muscle contractions at bone mass. A great number of studies show that muscle contractions are present, significant and able to represent the large majority which causes the adaptive bone responses.