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JFSF Vol 6, No 2, June 2021, p.79-85

doi: 10.22540/JFSF-06-079


Original Article

Comparing the Modified Frailty Index with conventional scores for prediction of cardiac resynchronization therapy response in patients with heart failure

Ajay Raj, Ranjit Kumar Nath, Bhagya Narayan Pandit, Ajay Pratap Singh, Neeraj Pandit, Puneet Aggarwal

  • Department of Cardiology, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) & Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

Keywords: Cardiac resynchronization therapy, Frailty, Heart failure, Risk score model


Objective: The aim of the study was to compare, Modified Frailty Index (mFI), EAARN (LVEF <22%, Atrial Fibrillation, Age ≥70 years, Renal function (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m2), NYHA class IV), and ScREEN (female Sex, Renal function (eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73m2), LVEF ≥25%, ECG (QRS duration ≥150 ms) and NYHA class ≤III) score for predicting cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response and all-cause mortality. Methods: In this prospective, non-randomized, single-center, observational study we enrolled 93 patients receiving CRT from August 2016 to August 2019. Pre-implant scores were calculated, and patients were followed for six months. Performance of each score for prediction of CRT response (defined as ≥15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume [LVESV]) and all-cause mortality was compared. Results: Optimal CRT response was seen in seventy patients with nine deaths. All the three scores exhibited modest performance for prediction of CRT response and all-cause mortality with AUC ranging from 0.608 to 0.701. mFI has an additional benefit for prediction of prolonged post-procedure stay and 30-day rehospitalization events. Conclusion: mFI, ScREEN and EAARN score can be used reliably for predicting all-cause mortality and response to CRT.