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JFSF Vol 6, No 3, September 2021, p.119-130

doi: 10.22540/JFSF-06-119


Review Article

Associations between Disability in Activities of Daily Living and Social Capital aspects among older adults: a scoping review

Christiana Zidrou1, Christos Kleisiaris2, Theodoula Adamakidou3

  1. 2nd Orthopaedic Department, G. Papageorgiou General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
  2. Hellenic Mediterranean University, Department of Nursing, Iraklion Crete, Greece
  3. University of West Attica, Department of Nursing, Athens, Greece

Keywords: Disability in ADL, Healthy aging, Health-related quality of life, Independence, Social capital


Social capital aspects are playing an important role in activities of daily living (ADL) performance, thus on independent living. This paper was aimed to present an overview of the associations and adverse effects between social capital aspects and disability in ADL and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in an older population aged 65 years old and over. Α scoping review was designed following the guidelines of PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) and the review was conducted by 3 authors. A total of 185 primary studies were extracted and, finally, 40 studies did meet the inclusion criteria and critically appraised in two main categories; Category 1(29 studies) ‘social capital and disability in ADL’ deducing that as greater a social capital as better ADL performance and Category 2 (11 studies) ‘Social capital and HRQoL’ concluding that people 65 years old and over with lower social capital were presented with a poor HRQoL. Study synthesis highlights the impact of social capital suggesting that nurses caring for older people must focus on their engagement in terms of social diversity and trust in the community.