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JFSF Vol 6, No 4, December 2021, p.204-208

doi: 10.22540/JFSF-06-204


Original Article

Prevalence of probable sarcopenia in community-dwelling older Greek people

Maria Tsekoura1, Evdokia Billis1, Charalampos Matzaroglou1, Elias Tsepis1, John Gliatis2

  1. Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Patras, Aigio, Greece
  2. Department of Medicine, School of Health Studies, University of Patras, Rio, Greece

Keywords: Older people, Prevalence, Probable sarcopenia, Sarcopenia


Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence rate of probable sarcopenia and to determine the factors associated with it in older people living in Western Greece. Methods: Probable sarcopenia was estimated based on cut-off values for handgrip strength (HGS) as recommended by EWGSOP2. Information about socio-demographic, chronic diseases, fear of falls and lifestyle of the participants were also collected. HGS was assessed using a SAEHAN dynamometer. Calf circumference was assessed with inelastic tape. A logistic regression analysis was performed in order to determine associated risk factors. Results: The sample comprised 402 participants (292 women;110 men), with a mean age of 71.51±7.63 years. Overall, 25.4% of the elderly participants were diagnosed with probable sarcopenia (men:36.4%; women:21.2%). The findings of this study demonstrated that probable sarcopenia was positively associated with age (OR=0.14, 95% CI=0.008 to 0.200), gender (OR=-0.6, 95% CI=-0.700 to -0.530), Body mass Index (OR=0.01, 95% CI=-0.030 to -0.005), Skeletal muscle mass index (OR=0.05, 95% CI=0.030 to 0.080), calf circumference (OR=0.02, 95% CI=0.007 to 0.040), and comorbidities (OR=0.04, 95% CI=0.030 to 0.080). Conclusion: There was a 25.4% prevalence of probable sarcopenia in Greek elderly. The results highlight the importance of the detection of HGS and probable sarcopenia in older people in order to develop effective strategies of prevention and intervention of sarcopenia.