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JFSF Vol 9, No 2, June 2024, p.122-130

doi: 10.22540/JFSF-09-122

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Original Article

Factors Associated with Subjective Aging Among Older Outpatients In Northern - India

Urza Bhattarai1, Arun Gautam1, Manisha Shrestha2, Anusha Rayamajhi2, Rohan Basnet2, Manicka Saravanan3, Aparajit Ballav Dey4, Prasun Chatterjee4

  1. Department of Internal Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
  2. B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
  3. Geri-care Hospital, Chennai, India
  4. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Keywords: Biological age, Geriatrics, Geriatric syndromes, Subjective age, Subjective well-being


Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the study was to investigate factors associated with subjective aging among older patients visiting a geriatric medicine outpatient department in Northern-India. Methods: The study is a crosssectional study. Patients were categorized into three groups: whether they felt younger, equal, or older than their peers of same age. Factors such as fall, incontinence, anorexia, hand grip strength, cognition, depression, vision, hearing, cardiopulmonary function and immunization were assessed. Multinominal logistic regression was used to investigate the associated factors of subjective aging. Results: We assessed 184 older patients with a median age of 66.5 years (IQR 63.0 -78.8). Chronological age and hand grip strength were the significant factors associated with subjective aging. With one year increase in age, odds of feeling older than peers of same age decreased by 8.9% (OR, 0.911; 95% CI, 0.831-0.999, p = 0.047). With one kilogram increase in hand grip strength, odds of feeling younger than peers of same age increased by 7.3% (OR, 1.073; 95% CI, 1.01-1.14, p = 0.032). Conclusion: Chronological age and hand grip strength are the factors associated with subjective aging in Northern-Indian older adults. Further longitudinal multi-center studies are needed to confirm our findings.
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